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Fundamentals of Libertarianism


Do you want to know what libertarianism is about? In this article, we explain it in just 4 points!


  1. Libertarianism at Its Core: Libertarianism is a political philosophy that seeks to safeguard individual freedom, the right to life, private property, and the free market. Its fundamental principle is that of "non-aggression," prohibiting the use of force or coercion against others. It advocates for limited government, whose sole function is to protect individual liberties. It promotes tax reduction, deregulation, and privatization.

  2. Theories of the State and Justice: Libertarians hold diverse opinions on the necessity of the State. Anarcho-capitalists seek its complete elimination, while minarchists support a minimal State to maintain order and protect the rights to life and property. They argue that the State is necessary to enforce and uphold laws. Some see private alternatives for these functions, while others question their effectiveness.

  3. Foreign Policy, Political Position, and Relationship with the Austrian School: Libertarians view military intervention as a form of aggression and a type of economic intervention. They support the globalization of markets and distinguish themselves from traditional politics, prioritizing individual freedom and private property over conventional right-left distinctions. On social matters, they advocate for freedom in issues like sexual relations and drugs. Many libertarians use economic analysis, especially from the Austrian School (we'll write about this later), to support their proposals.

  4. Secularism: Libertarianism is secular, advocating for the separation of religion and government. It defends the freedom of religious beliefs or the absence of them as private matters protected by freedom of conscience.


In summary, libertarianism promotes non-aggression, the right to life, freedom, private property, and the free market. It opposes state intervention and does not align with traditional politics. It values the separation of religion and government and employs economic analysis, such as that from the Austrian School, to support its proposals.


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